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Current state-of-the-art dynamical downscaling ocean models can provide improved scientific understanding and more realistic/accurate local projections of ocean service pressures for European regional seas and coastal areas on timescales of near-term to end-of-century climate change (next 30-80 years).


A co-production approach, incorporating stakeholder input and local observations into climate science, can provide improved and better-focused knowledge and management of ocean pressures and services at appropriate scales in European seas, and facilitate scientific dissemination.

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